Sea Turtles

Sea turtles are reptiles known to be living in tropical and sub-tropical oceans around the world. They are air breathing and emerge several times in an hour to take in air. Their shell consists of an upper part known as the carapace, covered with scales or scutes, except for the largest of them all, the Leatherback, and a lower section known as the plastron. The number and arrangement of the scutes on their back is useful in the identification of the species.

Sea turtles come in many different sizes, shapes and colors. They have powerful front flippers that allow them to dive underwater to great depths and swim long distances. The smallest are the Ridleys that are generally less than 100 pounds while the largest are the Leatherbacks that range from 650 to 2000 pounds. They are part of the ocean’s ecosystem, so if they were wiped out entirely from the ocean’s ecosystem, the system will be negatively impacted and will also affect humans since we depend greatly on the ocean for different natural resources and ecosystem services.

Among the oldest creatures on earth are sea turtles. They have really remained unchanged for over 100 million years and have long travelled our oceans. However, they face an uncertain future due to intense human impact particularly for the demand of their eggs, meat and carapace. Because humans are destroying their feeding and nesting environments, there is a serious doubt about the future of the remaining sea turtle populations. If we do not help to protect them now, they may be lost forever or extinct from the face of the earth.

Life Cycle


About Known Species in Liberia